The goal of the project PARIS (PrivAcy pReserving Infrastructure for Surveillance) is to define and demonstrate a methodological approach for the development of a surveillance infrastructure which enforces the right of citizens for privacy, justice and freedom. At the same time, it takes into account the evolving nature of such rights, since aspects that are acceptable today might not be acceptable in the future. It also includes the social and ethical nature of such rights, since the perception of such rights varies over time and in different countries.

The PARIS Video presents an overview of the project's concepts and goals.

The latest PARIS contribution in the video PIA Guidelines for Biometric Systems.


The methodological approach will be based on two pillars:

  • a theoretical framework which balances surveillance with privacy/data protection and fully integrates the concept of accountability.
  • a process for the design of surveillance systems which from the start takes into account privacy (i.e. Privacy-by-Design) and accountability (i.e. Accountability-by-Design).

For more details, see the pages for Project Overview, Objectives & Approach, Expected Results, and the Factsheet.


  • Social / ethicAl / Legal / Technological Framework (SALT)
  • Privacy-by-Design (PbD)
  • Accountability-by-Design (AbD)

Latest News:

  • Workshop on the Directive for Data Protection in the Police and Justice Sectors
    1 February 2016, Leuven, Belgium
    The Law Faculty of KU Leuven hosts a workshop to discuss aspects of the Directive for Data Protection in the Police and Justice Sectors which was agreed upon by the European Commission, the European Parliament, and the Council on 15 December 2015.
  • Annual Privacy Forum

    7-8 October 2015, Luxemburg
    The Department of the Computer Science and the Center for IT and IP Law of the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven organizes and chairs a session on Multidisciplinary Aspects of Privacy by Design at the Annual Privacy Forum 2015 organized by ENISA, EC DG Connect, and the University of Luxemburg.

    The concept of Privacy by Design has been developed in the engineering field, and it is also considered to be a legal principle. In order for PbD to work in practice and become a reality in industry, experts from different disciplines (technical, legal, business) must work together. Each has a role in delivering products and services that take into account privacy from the start. This session supports the development of a wider framework for PbD that goes beyond purely legal, regulatory, and technical views.  Marit Hansen (Privacy & Information Commissioner of Schleswig-Holstein) opens the session. A panel discusses the challenges and opportunities of PbD in practice, and speakers share their experiences in the field. The participants are David Stevens (data protection officer at Telenet), Dan Bogdanov (product manager at Cybernetica), and Mathias Pocs (data protection expert at ANEC) and Antonio Kung (Trialog).

  • PARIS Tribute to Caspar Bowden
    1961 - 2015
    The members of the PARIS project regret the loss of Caspar Bowden, who died on July 9, 2015. His career was dedicated to the protection of privacy since the early 1990's. See the News page for a description of his contribution to the field of privacy protection.

  • 2nd IPEN Workshop
    5 June 2015, Leuven, Belgium
    The PARIS project is partially financing the second IPEN Workshop on Privacy Engineering.  The Internet Privacy Engineering Network (IPEN) was formed in 2014 by the European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS). The event is hosted by the Law Faculty of the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven.
  • Workshop on Ethical, Legal and Social Issues of Surveillance Technologies
    13 March 2015, Namur, Belgium
    The Centre de Recherche, Information, Droit, et Société (CRIDS) of the Univeristy of Namur hosts a Workshop on Ethical, Legal, and Social Issues of Surveillance Technologies that addresses the issues raised by technological innovation and scientific research. It includes the ethical, legal and social issues raised by technological innovation and scientific research, with an emphasis on surveillance and security technologies.

See the News page for more information.

This project has received funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement number 312504.